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Insulin, a hormone that regulates metabolism, helps transfer glucose from the blood to the fat, liver, and muscle cells. Insulin may not be bountiful enough in patients with Diabetes or the insulin present may not function properly. In either case, the failure to transfer the sugar content to the cells of the body creates a situation where the blood has too much sugar. This condition is called hyperglycemia. In response, the pancreas tries to make up for the lost insulin in the cells by producing more and more insulin. This insulin however is resistant to function properly. The failure of the cells to receive optimal amounts of glucose results in the organ systems not having enough energy to sustain themselves. This causes many complications and organ failures. Family history plays a large role in increasing one's vulnerability to Type I and Type II Diabetes. Minimal physical activity, a poor diet, and obesity are some of the many environmental factors that may cause insulin to be resistant to function properly. Some signs of Type II Diabetes are: Frequent urination, frequent thirst, chronic fatigue, large appetite, and others. It is important to control your weight, exercise regularly, and to regulate your blood sugar content daily.

See your physician for prescription options such as insulin shots and other forms of medication to supplement these lifestyle changes.
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